The Brandenburg Gate
The Brandenburg Gate is one of the most iconic landmark of Berlin which was built as an answer to the Paris’s Arc de Triomphe. It was built in the year 1791 by King Frederick Wilhelm. Located in the Pariser Platz of the Mitte district, it is a 26 meter high sandstone monument. Being the debut Neo Classical structure of Berlin, The Brandenburg Gate is distinguished for its six large columns on the either side that forms 5 passages for the flow of traffic, four-horse chariot as well as the two buildings that are used by the guards and the toll collectors. This tourist attraction continues to hold symbolic significance and has welcomed several renowned visitors on annual basis. Some of the noted personalities who have graced The Brandenburg Gate include Presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton.
Situated amidst the Kupfergraben and the River Spree, lie the Museum Island. It is a 400 meter canal and is a quintessential part of the Old Berlin for you to explore. Here you can explore a number of important and even the oldest museums of the city. One significant attraction here is the Old Museum that is also known as the Altes Museum. Constructed in the year 1830, the museum is a house to a variety of royal treasures including the Crown Jewels. Post that, development grew significantly. In the year 1855, New Museum came in existence followed by National Gallery in 1876 and Bode Museum in 1904. Together all of these consist of the finest collection of the Berlin’s relics and ruins. In case you are restricted by time and cannot visit all museum, make sure you at least visit the Pergamon. Another place to see for the history buffs is the Old National Gallery which consist of a fine collection of the 19th century paintings.
The Berlin Wall Memorial and Checkpoint Charlie
Berlin Wall has a history that goes back to the 1960s when the Eastern Germany shut down the eastern end of the city to stem the swamp of refugees from East to West. The wall was torn down in the year 1989. By that time, the wall spread over 155 km, comprised of 57 bunkers and 293 observation towers. Overall, the four meter high wall dissected 55 streets.
Today, only small stretches of this graffiti-covered travesty are in existence. It also has a 1.4 km stretch which is indeed a vital part of the Berlin Wall Memorial which gives a chilling reminder of the antipathy which once led to the division of Europe. Significant highlight here includes the Marienfelde Refugee Center Museum which has exhibits relating to one and a half million people who passed via Berlin as refugees. Another point of interest is the Museum Haus am Checkpoint Charlie.
Charlottenburg Palace and Park
Charlottenburg Palace is the largest and the oldest Prussian estate. Built in the 17th century, for decades at length, the palace has been one of the most quintessential place of residence for the royal family of Germany. Very beautifully restored, the Charlottenburg Palace boasts of a variety of significant features right from its Orangery that was added in the year 1712 to the 50-meter-high central dome. When you visit the palace on a tour program make sure you do visit the New Wing with its exquisite Banqueting Halls and State Apartments. Constructed in the year 1746, visitors coming to the place can get a glimpse of the splendour in which the Electors and the Prussian Kings resided. Palace Park is one must see tourist attraction which has been around since 1697.
Unter den Linden
The most renowned street of Berlin, Unter den Linden is indeed one of the best places to see here. Literally translated to the, ‘Under the Lime Trees Avenue,’ the street stretches to over 1400 meters and has been a draw for both tourists and locals. Unter den Linden connects Pariser Platz to Lustgarten. Some of the significant highlights here include the Opera House, the Arsenal, St. Hedwig's Cathedral and the Gendarmenmarkt.
One of the largest square of the Berlin is the the Gendarmenmarkt. It is dominated by the three huge historic buildings – the French Cathedral, Konzerthaus and the Berlin Cathedral. Together these buildings form one of the most serene corners of the city. The place remains one of the top attractions of Berlin. If you wish to visit the Gendarmenmarkt, make sure you try and coincide your visit with the most popular Christmas Market. Another important square is the Alexanderplatz which is a hub of East Berlin life. It is also a home to the World Time Clock that is a prominent meeting spot. Located in proximity to the Television Tower, you can get panoramic views of the city from here.
Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church
Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is today one of the most frequented landmarks of Berlin. It is in may ways two churches – one is the ruins of the original church with includes the major part of the 63-meter-high tower and the one next to it is the ultra modern new church that was designed in the year 1961. The construction of the church was completed in the year 1895 however the original church was destroyed in the year 1943 however the remains of it were incorporated into a new complex. As a result of all this destruction and reconstruction, what you see is a landmark which serves as a war memorial that has a huge memorial hall that features architectural remnants, mosaic remains as well as photos. To better explore this church, you can take up guided tours to the Church.
Berlin Cathedral Church
The Berlin Cathedral Church is largely known for its 75 meter high church with an old dome that has been around since 1532. Construction of the church was completed in the year 1905. Built in the New Baroque architecture, the Berlin Cathedral Church is also the largest church of Berlin. The church is divided into three key sections - the Baptismal, the Parish Church and the Nuptial Church. You will have to climb 270 steps to reach to the dome. From top of the dome who can get panoramic views of the Museum Island.